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Preliminary Examination for Part II of the Theological and Religious Studies Tripos, 2000: Special subjects and prescribed texts

The Faculty Board of Divinity give notice that they have selected the following special subjects and prescribed texts for the Preliminary Examination for Part II of the Theological and Religious Studies Tripos, 2000 (Statutes and Ordinances, p. 228):

Paper 1. Oriental languages

A. Hebrew I (Elementary Hebrew)

Genesis 37 and 40-45.

B. Sanskrit

Mahābhārata 2.66-68 (Poona edition, 1933-66).

Hitopadeśa, extracts 2-11 (C. R. Lanman, A Sanskrit Reader, pp. 16-35);

Bhagavadghītā ch. 3-4.

C. Qur'anic Arabic

The Qur'ān, I:1-7, II:1-23, IV:93-100, LIII:1-40.

al-Bukhārī, al-Jāmi` al-Ṣaḥīḥ (Cairo, 1313 ah), vol.I, pp. 1-10.

al-Isfarā'īnī, al Tabṣīr fi'l-dīn (Beirut, 1983 ce), pp. 45-6, 97-9.

Paper 2. New Testament Greek

Mark 1-8.

Paper 3. Introduction to the study of religion

There are no prescribed texts for this paper.

Paper 4. Biblical literature and theology

1 Samuel; Psalms 2, 22, 29, 48, 50, 74, 80, 81, 93, 97, 98, 110, 119, 132, 135, 137, 139; Luke.

Paper 5. Introduction to the Old Testament

1 Samuel; Psalms 2, 22, 29, 48, 50, 74, 80, 81, 93, 97, 98, 110, 119, 132, 135, 137, 139.

Paper 6. Judaism in the Greek and Roman periods

2 Esdras 3-14; the Wisdom of Solomon 6-12; Ecclesiasticus 44-51; 1 Maccabees 1-2; the Genesis Apocryphon; the Psalms of Solomon 17, 18; the Eighteen Benedictions. For the last three texts see G. Vermes, The Dead Sea Scrolls in English (4th edn. London, 1995), pp. 292-99; H. F. D. Sparks (ed.), The Apocryphal Old Testament (Oxford, 1984), pp. 676-82; E. Schürer, G. Vermes, F. Millar, and M. Black (eds.), The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ, Vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1979), pp. 455-63.

Paper 7. Christian origins: the emergence of the primitive Christian communities

Acts 1-15; 1 Corinthians; Galatians 1-2.

Paper 8. Christian life and thought to 325

J. Stevenson, A New Eusebius (revised by W. H. C. Frend, London, 1987).

H. Bettenson, The Early Christian Fathers (London, 1956, repr. 1988).

Paper 9. Christian culture in the western world

There are no prescribed texts for 2000.

Special subject: Image and Icon in Christian Tradition.

Paper 10. Background to modern theology

Section (i). S. T. Coleridge, Confessions of an Inquiring Spirit, ed. H. St J. Hart, (London, 1956); D. F. Strauss, The Life of Jesus, tr. G. Eliot, ed. P. C. Hodgson (London, 1973), 'Introduction', pp. 39-92; Benjamin Jowett, 'On the Interpretation of Scripture', in Essays and Reviews (London, 1860); A. F. Loisy, The Gospel and the Church (London, 1903); K. Barth, Preface to the first six editions of The Epistle to the Romans (Oxford, 1968), pp. 1-26; E. C. Stanton (ed.), Women's Bible (Northeastern University Press, 1993), pp. 7-89.

Section (ii). L. Feuerbach, The Essence of Christianity, tr. G. Eliot (New York, Harper Torch Books, 1957), Chapter I; K. Marx, Texts on 'alienation' and 'Historical Materialism', in D. McLellan, The Thought of Karl Marx (2nd Edn., London, 1980), pp. 123-33, 138-49; C. Darwin, On the Origin of Species (London, 1859 [republished in Penguin Classics, London, 1985]), last chapter, 'Recapitulation and Conclusion'; The Descent of Man (London, 1871 [reprinted with an introduction by John Tyler Bonner and Robert M. May, Princeton, New Jersey, 1981]), Chapter 21; 'General Summary and Conclusion'; F. Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols and the Anti-Christ, tr. R. J. Hollingdale (London, 1957); E. Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, tr. Karen E. Fields (London, 1995), Introduction, Book I: Chapter I, Conclusion, pp. 1-46, 418-448; S. Freud, The Future of an Illusion, trans. J. Strachey, in Penguin Freud Library, Vol. 12 (London, 1985), chs. III-VI.

Section (iii). F. D. E.Schleiermacher, On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (1821), trans. Richard Crouter (Cambridge, 1988), First and Second Speeches; Alfred Tennyson, In Memoriam (1850), ed. C. Ricks in The Poems of Tennyson (London, 1969); George Eliot, Middlemarch (1871-2 [republished in Penguin Classics, London, 1994]); G. Flaubert, Three Tales (1877), tr. R. Baldick (Penguin, 1961), especially 'A Simple Heart'; F. Dostoyevsky, The Brothers Karamazov (1880), tr. and annotated by R. Pevear and L. Volokhonsky (Vintage edition, London, 1992), Book 5: 'Rebellion' and 'The Grand Inquisitor', and Book 6, 'The Russian Monk'.

Paper 11. Metaphysics and religion

Anselm, Proslogion, ed. M. J. Charlesworth (Oxford, 1965); Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Vol. 2 (Ia, qq. 2, 3, and 8), ed. T. McDermott (London, 1964); R. Descartes, Meditations, tr. John Cottingham (Cambridge, 1986); D. Hume, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748), Sections X, XI, XII; The Natural History of Religion (1757) (ed. H. E. Root, 1956); I. Kant, Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics, intro. Lewis White Beck (Indianapolis, 1950); S. Kierkegaard, Philosophical Fragments, (1834) (Princeton edn., Vol. VII); William James, The Will to Believe (1896), essays 1-4; M. Heidegger, 'The Onto-theological Constitution of Metaphysics' in Identity and Difference (tr. J. Stambaugh, New York, 1969); 'A Letter on Humanism' in Basic Writings (ed. D. F. Krell, London, 1993), pp. 217-65; R. B. Braithwaite, 'An Empiricist's View of the Nature of Religious Belief', in Basil Mitchell (ed.), The Philosophy of Religion (Oxford, 1971); L. Wittgenstein, On Certainty (Blackwell, 1969).

Paper 12. Ethics and religion

Joseph Butler, Preface, Sermons 1-3 and Dissertation on Virtue (1726) (ed. Stephen L. Darwal, Indianapolis, 1983); I. Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, ed. and tr. H. J. Paton as The Moral Law (London, 1948); S. Kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling (1843) (tr. Alistair Hannay, Penguin Books, 1985); F. W. Nietzsche, Toward a Genealogy of Morals (1887) (tr. Walter Kaufmann, New York, 1969); J. S. Mill, Utilitarianism (1861); F. H. Bradley, Ethical Studies (Oxford, 1876), essay V; M. Buber, I and Thou, 1923 (tr. Walter Kaufmann, Edinburgh, 1970); K. Barth, Church Dogmatics II/2 § 36 'Ethics as a Task of The Doctrine of God', tr. G. W. Bromiley and T. F. Torrance (Edinburgh, 1957); I. Murdoch, The Sovereignty of Good (London 1970); S. Hauerwas, The Peaceable Kingdom (London, 1983).

Paper 13. Problems of truth and dialogue in religion

There are no set texts for this paper.

Paper 14. Theology and science

There are no set texts for this paper.

Paper 15A. Hebrew II

Deuteronomy 5-15; Job 1-2, 42.7-17; Judges 13-16; Jonah.

Paper 16. The religion and literature of the Old Testament

Ezekiel 1-24.

Paper 17. New Testament texts in Greek


Paper 18. Jesus

There is no set text this year.

The special topic is: The Parables

Paper 19. Paul and the early church

There is no set text this year.

Paper 20. Study of theology

Athanasius, Contra Gentes (tr. R. W. Thomson, Oxford, 1971); Augustine, Confessions, Books III, IV, and VII (tr. H. Chadwick, Oxford, 1991); Aquinas, Summa Theologiae 1a, 1 (Summa Theologiae, Vol. I, Christian Theology, tr. and ed. T. Gilby [London, 1964]); J. Calvin, Institutio iv: 17 (LCC, Vol. xxi [London, 1961]), pp. 1359-1428, 'The Sacred Supper of Christ and What it Brings to Us'.

Paper 21. Christian life and thought in late antiquity, with reference to specified topics

A. The rise and formation of Christianity to AD 600, to include such issues as: the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire and on its margins; the persecution of Christians; the formation of orthodox tradition and hereseology; the development of Christian worship; early Christian attitudes towards paganism; early Christian attitudes towards Judaism. B. Doctrines of God and of the Person of Christ, to include: the trinitarian and christological controversies of the fourth and fifth centuries. C. The life and thought of Augustine.

Paper 22. Christian life and thought, 950-1300

Gregory VII, Register, tr. E. Emerton, The Correspondence of Gregory VII (New York, 1932), pp. 4-7, 15-6, 18-9, 22-3, 39-42, 48-9, 56-8, 62-4, 81-3, 86-91, 96-9, 105-7, 111-3, 118-20, 147-8, 149-54, 157-60, 163-4, 166-75, 178-81, 188-9, 193-5; The Book of Ste Foy, chapters 1-11, tr. P. Sheingorn (Philadelphia, 1995), pp. 43-73; St Anselm, 'Cur Deus Homo' Book 1, tr. J. Hopkins and H. Richardson, Anselm of Canterbury III (Toronto, 1976), pp. 41-97; 'Meditation on Human Redemption', tr. B. Ward, The Prayers and Meditations of St Anselm (Penguin Books, 1983), pp. 230-7; 'Proslogion', chapter 2, tr. B. Ward, The Prayers and Meditations of St Anselm, pp. 244-5; Guibert of Nogent, Vita, Book 1, chapters 1-19, ed. J. F. Benton, tr. C. C. Swinton Bland, Self and Society in Medieval France: The Memoirs of Abbot Guibert of Nogent (New York, 1970), pp. 35-101: The Life of St Christina of Markyate, ed. and tr. C. H. Talbot (Oxford, 1959), pp. 35-119; (Peter) Abelard, Dialogue of a Philosopher with a Jew and a Christian, prologue, tr. P. J. Payer (Toronto, 1979), pp. 19-23; Ethics, ed. and tr. D. E. Luscombe (OMT, 1971), pp. 3-37; 'Historia Calamitatum', ed. B. Radice, The Letters of Abelard and Heloise (London, Penguin Classics, 1974), pp. 57-106; Hugh of St Victor, Didascalicon, Book 2, tr. J. Taylor (New York, 1961), pp. 61-82; St Bernard of Clairvaux, On the Song of Songs, 'Sermon 65', tr. K. Walsh and I. M. Edmonds III (Cistercian Fathers Series, Kalamazoo, 1979), pp. 179-89; 'In Praise of the Virgin Mother', Homily 4, tr. M.-B. Said and G. Perigo, Magnificat (Cistercian Fathers Series, Kalamazoo, 1979), pp. 45-58: 'Documents on Crusading', tr. L. and J. Riley-Smith, The Crusades: Idea and Reality, 1095-1274 (London, 1981), pp. 54-7, 61-3, 64-7, 95-6, 97-8, 102-3, 103-17, 119-24, 125-9; 'Fourth Lateran Council', tr. N. P. Tanner, Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils I (Georgetown, 1990), constitutiones 1-70, pp. 230-67; Scripta Leonis, Rufini et Angeli, sociorum S. Francisci, ed. and tr. R. B. Brooke (OMT, 1970), pp. 88-110, 206-24; 'Documents on Marriage and Divorce', tr. T. Evergates, Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne (Philadephia, 1993), pp. 38-49; St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Blackfriars Edn., London 1964-80) prologue, 1a.1-2 (Vol. 1, pp. 2-41, Vol. 2, pp. 5-19), 3a.75-6 (Vol. 58, pp. 53-123); Dante Alighieri, The Divine Comedy. II. Purgatorio cantos 1, 3, 5-7, 10, 13, 15, 18-9, 21, 23, 25, 27, ed. and tr. J. D. Sinclair (Oxford Paperbacks, 1971), pp. 19-25, 45-51, 69-75, 81-9, 95-101, 131-7, 169-77, 197-203, 233-9, 245-51, 271-7, 297-303, 325-31, 351-7.

Candidates may confine their attention to the period from 950 to 1200.

Paper 23. Christian life and thought, 1500-1689

'Two devout prayers', in W. Maskell (ed.), Monumenta Ritualia Ecclesiae Anglicanae (1846), pp. 262-5; R. Knox and S. Leslie (eds), The Miracles of Henry VI (Cambridge, 1923), pp. 77-84; Erasmus, Praise of Folly (Penguin, ed. A. Levi), pp. 164-73, 196-208; Paraclesis, in J. Olin (ed.), Christian Humanism and the Reformation (Harper, 1965), pp. 93-106; Thomas More, Dialogue of Comfort (Everyman ed.), pp. 130-3; Luther: The Liberty of a Christian Man, in J. Dillenberger, Martin Luther, pp. 52-85; Calvin, Institutes (ed. McNeil), pp. 920-32, 1359-65, 1368-72, 1381-2; extracts from Beza's Life of Calvin, in A. Duke and A. Pettegree (eds.), Calvinism in Europe (Manchester, 1992), pp. 15-25; G. H. Williams (ed.), Spiritual and Anabaptist Writers (Library of Christian Classics), pp. 138-44; G. Bray (ed.), Documents of the English Reformation (T&T Clark, 1994), pp. 247-57, 285-311, 356-63; The Prayerbooks of Edward VI (Everyman ed., 1910), pp. 3-5, 286-9, 377-93; R. B. Bond (ed.), Certain Sermons or Homilies, pp. 61-7; John Foxe, Acts and Monuments, VII, 424-7, 287-91, 318-21, 542-52; J. H. Pollen (ed.), Unpublished Documents relating to the English Martyrs (Catholic Record Society, 1908), pp. 44-7, 74-88, 205-7; Oxford Book of Sixteenth Century Verse (ed. Emrys Jones), nos. 82, 195, 221, 272, 289, 300, 338; Oxford Book of Seventeenth Century Verse (ed. A. Fowler), nos. 134, 214, 360, 381, 405-7, 409, 411, 554, 778; W. H. Frere and Douglas, Puritan Manifestoes, pp. 20-34; H. C. Porter (ed.), Puritanism in Tudor England, pp. 276-300; P. More and F. L. Cross, Anglicanism, pp. 103-116, 360-4; Richard Baxter, Reliquiae Baxterianiae, pp. 2-4; John Bunyan, Grace Abounding (ed. R. Sharrock, Oxford, 1966), pp. 117-23; Kenyon, Stuart Constitution, pp. 466-9; Norman Tanner (ed.), Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils (London, 1990), Vol. 2, pp. 671-81, 663-4, 750-3; Ignatius Loyola, Works (Classics of Western Spirituality), pp. 107-11, 136-8, 154-6, 167-8, 201-5, 211-4; Gregory Martin, Roma Sancta, pp. 7-11, 44-7, 109-19, 220-9; Letters and Instructions of Francis Xavier (ed. M. J. Costelloe, St Louis, 1992), pp. 41-51; C. R. Boxer, The Christian Century in Japan (Berkeley, 1951), pp. 401-5; Francis de Sales, Introduction to a Devout Life (ed. J. K. Ryan), pp. 43-7, 103-19, 207-8, 226-9; Blaise Pascal, Pensées (ed. Krailsheimer, Penguin Books), pp. 309-18; John Fisher, English Works (EETS, ed. J. E. B. Mayor), pp. 289-303; B. Travitsky, The Paradise of Women: Writings by Englishwomen of the Renaissance (Westport, Connecticut, 1981), pp. 173-86; M. Emmanuel Orchard (ed.), Till God Will: Mary Ward Through her Writings (London), pp. 6-11, 49-61.

Candidates may confine their attention to the period from 1500 to 1565.

Paper 24. Christian life and thought since 1800

H. Bettenson, Documents of the Christian Church (2nd edition) (London 1967), xi, 7, 9, 11, 12; xii, 11, 12, 13; xiii 1; xiv 1, 5.

S. Z. Ehler and J. B. Morrall, Church and State through the Centuries (London, 1954), vii, 2, 6, 8, 9; viii, 4, 11.

R. P. Flindall, The Church of England, 1815-1948: A Documentary History (London, 1972), nos. 1, 4, 5, 16, 24, 25, 26, 45, 46, 47, 58, 60, 61, 66, 70, 75, 79, 90, 97, 98, 100, 101.

P. C. Hodgson and R. H. King, Readings in Christian Theology (London, 1985), ii, 5; iii, 5, 6; iv, 4, 5, 6, 7; v, 4, 6; vi, 2, 3, 4, 5; vii, 4; viii, 5, 6, 7, 8.

J. H. Leith, Creeds of the Churches (Atlanta, 1973), pp. 517-22 (The Barmen Declaration).

B. M. G. Reardon, Religious Thought in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, 1966), i, 4, 6, 7; ii, 1, 2, 3, 6.

N. P. Tanner, Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, ii (London, 1990), pp. 849-900, 908-20, 1001-11.

D. M. Thompson, Nonconformity in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1972), nos. 4, 6, 36, 42, 44, 45, 46, 57, 88, 93, 97, 102, 103, 104.

Candidates may confine their attention to either the period from 1800 to 1889, or the period from 1889 to the present day.

Paper 25. Philosophical theology

Plato, Republic, Book V, 475e4 to end of Book VII, tr. F. M. Cornford; Phaedo, tr. Hugh Tredennick (Penguin Books); Aristotle, Metaphysics, Book XII (tr. H. Tredennick, Loeb ed., London, 1935); Plotinus, Enneads (tr. A. H. Armstrong, Loeb ed., London, 1988), Book VI, 8 & 9; Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Vol. 3, ed. H. McCabe (London, 1964), Ia., q.13; B. Spinoza, Ethics (1677) (tr. R. H. M. Elwes, or T. S. Gregory); D. Hume, Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1779) (ed. N. Kemp Smith, London, 1947); I. Kant, Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone (1793) (tr. T. M. Greene and H. H. Hudson, New York, 1960); G. W. F. Hegel, Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, Vol. III (ed. P. C. Hodgson, Berkeley, 1985), Part III, Section B; H. Bergson, The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (tr. R. A. Audra and C. Brereton, London, 1935), Ch. III, 'Dynamic Religion'; A. M. Farrer, Faith and Speculation (London, 1967).

Paper 26. The study of religions I

The religious traditions of India: Hinduism and Buddhism.

Paper 27. The study of religions II

A. Introduction to the life, thought, and worship of Modern Judaism.

B. Introduction to the life, thought, and worship of Islam.

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Cambridge University Reporter, 16 June 1999
Copyright © 1999 The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.