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Congregation of the Regent House on 21 June 2004

A Congregation of the Regent House was held this day at 11.15 a.m. The Chancellor was present. Processions formed in the Schools Arcade at 11.10 a.m., passed round the Senate-House Yard, and entered the Senate-House by the South Door and the East Door.

Music was performed at the Congregation by the Choirs of King's and Clare Colleges and by the King's Trumpeters.

The following titular degrees were conferred:

Doctor of Law (honoris causa)

Dame MARGARET JOAN ANSTEE

D.C.M.G., M.A.

formerly Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization,

Honorary Fellow of Newnham College

Doctor of Law (honoris causa)

The Rt Hon. ALEC NIGEL, Baron BROERS

Ph.D., Sc.D., F.R.S.

President of the Royal Academy of Engineering, Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering, Vice-Chancellor Emeritus, Fellow, and formerly Master, of Churchill College, Honorary Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, St Edmund's College, and Trinity College

Doctor of Science (honoris causa)

HOWARD ROBERT HORVITZ

Nobel Laureate, David H. Koch Professor of Biology in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, formerly of the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology

Doctor of Science (honoris causa)

Sir DAVID JOHN WEATHERALL

F.R.C.P., F.R.C.P.E., F.R.S.

Regius Professor Emeritus of Medicine in the University of Oxford,

formerly Student of Christ Church

Doctor of Letters (honoris causa)

QUENTIN SAXBY BLAKE

O.B.E., M.A., R.D.I.

Visiting Professor in the Royal College of Art,

Honorary Fellow of Downing College, Artist and Illustrator

Doctor of Letters (honoris causa)

PETER ROBERT LAMONT BROWN

F.B.A., F.R.Hist.S.

Rollins Professor of History in Princeton University

Doctor of Letters (honoris causa)

DAVID LOCKWOOD

C.B.E., M.A., F.B.A.

formerly Professor of Sociology and Pro-Vice-Chancellor, University of Essex, formerly University Lecturer in the Faculty of Economics and Politics and Fellow of St John's College

Doctor of Music (honoris causa)

JOHN PHILIP WILLIAM DANKWORTH

C.B.E., F.R.A.M.

Musician

Doctor of Music (honoris causa)

Dame CLEO LAINE

Vocalist and Actress

The Orator delivered the following speeches when presenting to The Chancellor the recipients of Honorary Degrees:

Iam tertio hic stat togata quam uidetis: primo magistra in artibus creabatur, sed altero ea tempora memorabat cum feminis ne ad imum quidem accedere licebat gradum. quanta tamen benignitate tum loquebatur: ut tantum sapientiae tam diu traditae particeps adesset adeo se gaudere ut incommodo esse posset nihil; uiam autem hinc ducere amplissimam.

in re academica uersari, in re publica, in re cum peregrinis agenda poterat - nisi forte munus ex eis tribus constitutum sortita pro gentibus in UNum conuocatis per XL amplius annos tam fortiter et prudenter officio fungitur ut quamuis iam emerita consulentibus libenter etiam nunc sit praesto.

o quibus ubique gentium calamitatibus, quibus doloribus, quibus inopiis adfuit! quae auxilio dando praeposita non modo opibus confestim undique, ut fit, congestis sed etiam sua sapientia, peritia, consensu subuenit. nam tunc semper non modo praesentissimo subsidio erat opus sed etiam cura ne rursus sic uel peius eueniret: qua de cura opibusque suppeditandis rationem olim rei totius efficacius administrandae duci suo rogata reddidit manu conscriptam septiensque emendatam non sine gratiis feli datis qui labori sponte se socium addiderat. illa et alia multa in libro memorauit qui Ne cui sis ab epistulis inscriptus alacritate animi et amore loci abundat.

feminae imperi summi capaci nulli maius est a gentibus conuocatis imperium mandatum. quicquid iam oti habet aut in patria fruitur aut in Boliuia, quae terra iam multos annos carissima uidetur esse,

turiferis Panchaia pinguis harenis.1

praesento uobis Praeclari Ordinis Sanctorum Michaelis et Georgii magnae crucis Dominam Commendatricem, Magistram in Artibus, Gentium in unum Conuocatarum olim Praetorem, Collegi Newnhamensis honoris causa Sociam,

MARGARET JOAN ANSTEE

1 Vergil Georgic 2, 139.

This is the third time that this lady has stood here begowned: the first time, she was being made a Master of Arts, but on the second occasion she was recalling the days when women could not proceed even to our lowest degree. She spoke then with great generosity: simply to be part of a long heritage of intellectual excellence, she said, caused her so much joy that nothing could be irksome, and from Cambridge the horizons were seemingly limitless.

She could have had a career as a don, or as a politician, or in the Foreign Office; in the event perhaps she found herself a job that combined all three possibilities, in working for the United Nations for over forty years with such courage and such common sense that even in retirement her advice is still sought and given.

All over the world she has attended to its misfortunes, its agonies, and its needs. When in charge of rescue operations she brought to bear all the usual packages of international aid, but she also brought her own gifts of wisdom, expertise, and sympathy. The need for instant help was always there; so was a need to reduce the chance of such things, or worse, happening again. On this general topic of expeditious help she was once asked by the Secretary General to produce a report on the whole working of the United Nations. She wrote it by hand, presenting eventually her eighth version; in the preface are thanks to a stray cat which chose to assist her labours. That is among the stories recorded in her book called Never Learn to Type: it is full of a buoyant spirit and a love of place.

She might have become Secretary General herself; it remains the fact that no woman has ever risen so high in the organization. Her leisure she spends either in this country or in Bolivia, a land which has clearly been very dear to her for many years, where she has built her Eldorado on the shores of Lake Titicaca.

I present to you

Dame MARGARET JOAN ANSTEE, D.C.M.G., M.A.

formerly Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization, Honorary Fellow of Newnham College

*

Ipso die quo doctoris in gradum accessit hic uir, abiit trans Atlanticum profectus qui huc ab australi terra aduenerat: in animone tunc habebat se aliquando esse rediturum? at rediit, ut non modo professor sed etiam collegi magister fieret, postremoque procancellarius. professorem fabri celebrent (ob ea quae faber gessit in ordinem equestrem ascriptus est), magistrum collegiales; nos procancellarium celebramus eundemque affabilem uirum, impigrum, probum.

libenter se multis, inter quos tam discipuli quam cancellarius, in colloquia permisit; quin etiam oratori uestro, fabricae assularum ignaro, rem tanto studio tantoque lumine exposuit ut abiens scholae magistrum lamentarer amissum. studia uero nostra siue in scientiis siue inter artis habita quantum hoc duce promouentur! aedificia enim multa aut noua instituit aut uetera renouauit: gaudeamus quibus medicina sit curae, quibus res mercandi, quibus res diuina, quibus litterae nostrates, quibus ars, musica, fabulae agendae; gaudeamus quibus fragor ille bono; gaudeamus quibus campus ad occidentem situs frequentioribus iam pateat. atque ut semper latius res nostra geritur ita summo honore manet atque eminet.

idem ad externa animaduertit, qui participes nos fecit eorum quibus mouentur excitanturque uicini; qui potentissimorum uirorum liberalitatem impetrauit; qui studia trans Atlanticum comMITti uoluit; qui opes maiores quam umquam prius a Gulielmo illo Portarum accepit. o uirum admirabilem! sileri tamen quae contulerit uxor tam pro sua quam pro coniugis parte uix fas erat, atque hospitium illud duorum occupatissimorum quis qui nouit non optimum censet?

praesento uobis uirum admodum honorabilem, Equitem Auratum, Doctorem in Scientia, Regiae Societatis Sodalem, Fabrorum Academiae Regiae Praesidem, Rei Electricae inuestigandae Professorem Emeritum, Procancellarium Emeritum, Collegi Churchilliani Socium et quondam Magistrum, Collegi Gonvillii et Caii, Collegi Sanctae et Indiuiduae Trinitatis, Collegi Sancti Edmundi honoris causa Socium,

ALEC NIGEL, Baronem BROERS

On the very day that he took his doctor's degree, Alec Broers set off for the States. He came here from Australia. Did he think he would ever return here? He did, however, to become not only a Professor and a Head of House but finally Vice-Chancellor. The engineers can celebrate the Professor (he was knighted for services to engineering), and his College can celebrate their Master; we celebrate a Vice-Chancellor, and a man of great affability, energy, and goodness.

He has enjoyed debate and discussion with many, from students to Chancellor; your Orator, baffled by the manufacture of silicon chips, received such a lucid and enthusiastic supervision on it from him that at the end one could only lament his loss to full-time teaching. Under his leadership there have been huge developments both in Arts and in Sciences: think of the new buildings opened and the existing ones refurbished, and consider the joy down at Addenbrooke's, at the Judge Institute, in Divinity, in English, at the Fitzwilliam, West Road, and the ADC, consider the uses of CRASSH, consider the ever widening opportunities on the West Cambridge site. And in all that expansion the University's high place and high esteem have been sustained.

He has also looked outwards: he has made the University part of the Cambridge Network and of the Greater Cambridge Partnership; he has drawn upon the generosity of considerable benefactors; he has linked us with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; he has received from Bill Gates the greatest single gift ever made to us. It is a notable achievement. It would not be right, however, to pass over the contribution made by his wife Mary, both in support of him and in her own name; all who have known the hospitality of two very busy people attest its warmth.

I present to you the Right Honourable

ALEC NIGEL, Baron BROERS, Ph.D., Sc.D., F.R.S.

President of the Royal Academy of Engineering,Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering, Vice-Chancellor Emeritus,Fellow and formerly Master of Churchill College,Honorary Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, of St Edmund's College, and of Trinity College

*

Qui rationi primo mathematicae, tunc aerariae studuit, ut is postea studio uermi cuidam dato praemium Nobelianum acciperet quis suspicaretur fore? sed dum studet, ut praeses studentium crearetur omnium fere MMMD numero nomina origines uultus studia cognouit: curae subtilitatis laboris minuti uir est.

de uerme illo, bestiarum miraculo, quid iam amplius dicam? hermaphroditam esse maximam partem memineritis, sed paucos mares:

namque in eost Venus ut muliebria conserat arua1

etiam Caenorhabditis elegans. quid tamen si partes necessariae coniugi desint? uerum accidit aliquando ut uulua, quae cum nascitur uermis abest, ne in adulto quidem creetur. nihil impedit quin crescat in hermaphroditis progenies, sed nascitur exedendo, simili fato damnata uicissim.

ista patefecit hic uir, diu in patria uestigata sed primum apud nos, quo forte peruenisse dicitur sed optime paratus: nam ad naturam humanam conuersus, strenue se in eis disciplinis quae experimento geruntur exercuerat, proximumque excipit socium Iohannes ille barbatus tum cum cellulas qua ratione se diuidant spectare coepit. mox manifestum est totam animalis hereditatem posse cognosci: hic uir scholae suae dux iam annos XXX eas XXII numero ex quibus fit uulua uestigat, nec dubitat quin fuerit tandem ad summam totius omnium animalium rationis aduentum. namque hae cellulae quo modo crescunt aut non crescunt aut etiam, idque maximi momenti praemioque dignissimum, quo modo natura in uerme moriuntur, eodem fit modo in omnibus animalibus: ex eo ualet homullis id quod accidit uermi.

praesento uobis uirum Praemio Nobeliano ornatum, in schola Technologiae apud Massachusetts instituta Biologiae in nomine David Koch Professorem, in Elaboratorio Biologiae Molecularis pro Concilio Rei Medicae instituto quondam Inuestigatorem,

HOWARD ROBERT HORVITZ

1 Lucretius 4, 1107.

Robert Horvitz took his first degree in mathematics and a second in economics. Who would have thought that he would eventually win a Nobel prize for research on a notorious worm? Yet when he was a student he became President of the Students' Union: he learnt the names, towns of origin, faces, and courses of study of some 3,500 fellow students. He is a man of precise focus and great determination.

As for that remarkable beast the worm, what more can I say? You will recall that they are mostly hermaphrodites, but a few males occur: even for Caenorhabditis elegans there can be seedtime in the fields of Venus - unless the appropriate parts are lacking in the mate. And it does sometimes happen that the vulva, an organ lacking at birth, fails to develop in the adult. There is, incidentally, no problem about generating offspring in a vulvaless hermaphrodite, but they have to eat their way out, and are doomed to the same fate themselves.

These discoveries belong to Robert Horvitz. He pursued them in his own country, but he began them here, where he arrived somewhat fortuitously, it is said, but very well prepared. The focus of his interest had moved towards human biology, and he had put himself through tough courses in the experimental sciences; and so one day he found himself at the bench right beside John Sulston just when John was first seeing cell division actually happening. It was soon clear that the worm's whole lineage could be known. This man spent thirty years leading his own research school in study of the 22 cells that give rise to the vulva, and he is sure that we can eventually have the full description of the nature of all animals. How these cells grow or fail to grow or, much more important, and the prize-winning discovery, how they naturally die off in the worm is the model for what happens in all animals: hence the importance to us of what happens to the worm.

I present to you

HOWARD ROBERT HORVITZ

Nobel Laureate, David H. Koch Professor of Biology in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, formerly of the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology

*

Erat olim Iapyx quidam Iasides,
      cui laetus Apollo
  augurium citharamque dabat;
qui tamen
  scire potestates herbarum usumque medendi
maluit et mutas agitare inglorius artis.1

ita poeta de medico; ita per praefationem hic uir libri cui nomen Scientia et Ars illa taciturna datum est. sed ipse artem medicam et scientiam gloria tanta cumulatus agitat ut unum modo gradum offerre vix satis esse uideatur.

cum primum factus esset medicus, in partis imperi nostri orientalis praemisso occurrit morbus sanguinis thalassaemia nuncupatus; quo in uestigando libellis iam CCCL amplius editis adeo felici euentu egit ut paene expulsus Cypro Sardiniaque sit morbus, sed Taprobanes, quo in loco alii alio sanguine conuenere, re confusiore etiam nunc occupatur. fit professor, et mox in uniuersitatem Oxoniensem translatus statim id agebat ut schola illa medicinae in summum ubi nunc est statum ascenderet: suas enim sustinet uestigationes, alienas uehementer suscitat, omnis adhibendas in ualetudinarium adducit. ita in unum scientia cum arte collata altera alteri subuenit: nam pendet e moleculis medicina.

multi testantur quantum ei libro debeant quem primus hic edidit, Rei Medicae libellus Oxoniensis qui dicitur; omnes sapientiores eo perlecto fieremus quem supra nominaui: illic enim clarum est ingenium quo rei medicae locum et officium totum perspectum intellectumque meditatur. nam si morborum eorum finem iam mente contemplamur qui naturae erroribus oriuntur, quid quod alios ipsi creamus in nos qui longe aliter uitam agimus quam natura parati sumus?

praesento uobis philosophum doctissimum, medicum humanissimum, professorem perspicacissimum, libertatis Hippocraticae propugnatorem, Equitem Auratum, Regiae Societatis Sodalem, Rei Medicae apud Oxonienses Professorem Regium Emeritum,

DAVID JOHN WEATHERALL

1 Vergil Aeneid 12, 391ff.

There was a certain Iapyx son of Iasus, says the poet, to whom Apollo offered gifts of prophecy and music. But Iapyx preferred the knowledge of herbs and the practice of healing, quiet skills without glory. David Weatherall chose those latter words to head the preface of his book Science and the Quiet Art. He practises the science and the art of medicine with such fame and distinction himself, however, that it scarcely seems enough to give him only one degree.

Promptly upon qualifying as a doctor he was sent by the R.A.M.C. to Malaya, and there he met a disease of the blood called thalassaemia. He has been so successful in analysis (he has more than 350 papers on it to his name by now) that in Cyprus and in Sardinia it has almost disappeared; the complexities of Sri Lanka (blood disorders are of evolutionary significance) keep him busy still. He became a Professor, and soon moved to Oxford; at once he began the work which has raised the Medical School there to its present pinnacle of achievement, by maintaining his own research, by encouraging that of others, and by bringing it all into clinical practice. Thus the science is combined with the art and each supports the other, from laboratory bench to bedside.

Many can attest their debt to the book he first edited, the Oxford Textbook of Medicine, and we would all be the wiser for reading the book mentioned earlier: in it the intelligence is manifest with which he sees, understands, and ponders the whole place and purpose of medicine. We can at least imagine by now the end of those diseases which arise from genetic defects; but what of those diseases we inflict upon ourselves, living the sorts of lives for which we are not yet naturally adapted? This man is a fine scientist, a humane doctor, a shrewd professor, and a doughty champion of Hippocratic freedom.

I present to you

Sir DAVID JOHN WEATHERALL, F.R.C.P., F.R.C.P.E., F.R.S.

Regius Professor Emeritus of Medicine in the University of Oxford

*

Henrico Regi uitium nocebathoc, uti partis redimiculorum
manderet. tandem uorat illa quae se
complicant nodis stomacho malignis.
haud mora: illustres medici uocantur
qui rata mercede, Sed huius, aiunt,
nulla fit morbi medicina: morti
Henricus iam iam dabitur. parentes
ad torum stabant subitae dolore
sortis afflicti

et felis, ut rem depinxit hic uir, cuius in ea parte uoltus quam super stragulum eleuatam uideas aspectus eius est qui quid fiat non omnino intelligat sed ualde condolescat.

non uni Quinctio nostro haec ars famae fuit - nonne innotuit Ernestus ille pastor, et Iohannes depictor Aliciae (quae Quid sine tabulis, inquit, ualet liber?), et, si cui libellus occurrit Anicula uecta rotis inscriptus, Ericaeus ille Passerinus? - sed huic primo cognomen Liberorum Laureatus datus est. primas tabulas adulescentulus edidit, hortante ea quae Latinam docebat; iam libros CCL amplius ornauit et suos et alienos, quorum notissimus Roaldus ille Hyperboreus: is olim, uiso quod hic pinxerat, uerba in aptiora mutauit. num quem fugit immanis ille sed comis gigas? nuper rogatus hic uir sene ipso in delineando esset usus, risu negauit (nam non quem imitetur ante oculos uelle: magis referre ut id exprimat quod mentis acie percipiatur); sed risu haud dissimili senes saepe facit ut ridere uideantur.

Henrico morituro permisit Hilarius extrema uerba; potius haec dixerit:

Vos, amici, a me moneamini, nil
deesse contento puero nisi una
prandia et ientacula Quinctiumque.

praesento uobis pictorem et coloratorem, Excellentissimo Ordini Imperi Britannici adscriptum, Magistrum in Artibus, Collegi Downingiani honoris causa Socium,

QUENTIN SAXBY BLAKE

The chief defect of Henry King
Was chewing little bits of string.

At last he swallowed some which tied
Itself in ugly knots inside.
Physicians of the utmost fame
Were called at once; but when they came
They answered, as they took their fees,
'There is no cure for this disease.
Henry will very soon be dead'.
His parents stood about his bed
Lamenting his untimely death

together with the cat, on whose face, or on as much of it as is depicted peering over the bedspread by this man, may be seen the look of someone who doesn't entirely understand the situation but does share the concern.

Quentin Blake is not the first to win fame as an illustrator of children's books. E. H. Shepard will surely be known, and John Tenniel, illustrator of Alice (it was Alice who said, 'What's the use of a book without pictures?'), and if you know this man's book Mrs Armitage on Wheels, Heath Robinson may also come to mind. But he is the first ever Children's Laureate. He had his first work accepted when he was a boy (he was encouraged to submit by his Latin teacher); he now has over 250 titles to his name, some his own and some produced in collaboration, most notably with Roald Dahl, who once changed his text to fit the illustration offered. You remember the BFG? The illustrator was recently asked whether he used himself as the model in creating the giant. He smiled, and said no (he never does draw from life, saying it is more important to capture the balance between what is seen and what is imagined); but a smile much like his may be seen on many of his avuncular gentlemen.

Hilaire Belloc allowed Master Henry some dying words. Here is an alternative version:

O my friends, be warned by me
That breakfast, dinner, lunch, and Blake
Are all the happy child should take.

I present to you

QUENTIN SAXBY BLAKE, O.B.E., M.A.

Honorary Fellow of Downing College, Artist and Illustrator

*

In uitis sanctorum scribendis primum memoriae prodi solet origo hominis, ut designatus ad uirtutem ab initio esse uideatur. hic uir in altera Britanniae insula natus, unde multi sunt labris quasi melle libatis orti, mox Salopiae, insigni linguarum priscarum nutrici, deinde Oxoniae studio rerum gestarum instructus collegi Omnium Animarum socius anno suo altero et uicesimo electus est. quid isto cursu beatius?

uitam inde agit sapientis: sermonibus et libellis discipulos docet qua ratione sit mundus ille antiquus Augustorum et Caesarum cultu unius dei crebrescente mutatus in alium. primos sermones qua est uerecundia in cubiculo collegi habebat, sed tanta frequentabat multitudo ut libenter audituri per tecta se funibus demisissent. mox edidit librum primum de Augustino Hipponensi mira doctrina, mira elegantia conscriptum; deinde inuestigatis uiri sacri ortu et officio, paginis XX fere studium ultimorum saeculorum antiquitatis omnino in nouum, non tam rebus gestis ducum quam uoluntatibus sententiisque popularibus deditum, unus conuertit. nam moueri et uolgus et duces demonstrauit auctoritate potius eorum qui sibi disciplinam et mentis et corporis grauissimam in nomine Christi imponebant: qui dei uestigia in loca deserta secuti sapientiores consilio redibant.

has res altius explorare non desinit, operibus multis editis quibus non minus argumento et ratione persuadet quam rerum leuiorum lepore permulcet: Olympiodorum enim quendam legatum principis commeare comitante psittaco qui puro Attico sermone loqueretur. non dubium est quin sermonibus librisque suis in haec studia multos hic uir adduxerit.

praesento uobis Academiae Britannicae Sodalem, Historiae apud Princetonenses in nomine Rollins Professorem,

PETER ROBERT LAMONT BROWN

In lives of saints, the first item on record is usually the saint's beginnings, so told that the appointment with saintliness is seen to start early. Peter Brown is a native of Ireland, and many have come from there with lips touched with honey; after schooling at Shrewsbury, good nurse of Latin and Greek, he read History at Oxford and was elected a Fellow of All Souls at the age of twenty-one. That is a progress of great felicity.

He has lived the life of scholarship. In lectures and books he shows students how the world of the old Roman Empire was turned into something else by the growing cult of monotheism. With becoming modesty he gave his first classes in a small room in College, but so many flocked to hear him that they would gladly have let themselves down through the ceiling on ropes. Soon came his first book, on Augustine of Hippo, a work of extraordinary wisdom and extraordinary elegance. Then an article appeared of some twenty pages entitled The Rise and Function of the Holy Man in Late Antiquity: single-handedly he had refocussed the study of the period by looking not so much at the deeds of the great as at the thoughts and feelings of ordinary people. He showed that both people and leaders had become more attentive to the word of those who subjected themselves to a very fierce discipline, both physical and mental, in the name of Christ. These men pursued the trail of God in desert places and returned the wiser in good counsel.

He has continued to explore the field with works as convincing in their evidence and argument as they are beguiling in the charm of their details: there was a certain Olympiodorus, for instance, Byzantine ambassador, who went about his business accompanied by a parrot which spoke pure Attic Greek. It is not too much to say that many have been drawn to this field of study simply by hearing and reading Peter Brown.

I present to you

PETER ROBERT LAMONT BROWN, F.B.A., F.R.Hist.S.

Rollins Professor of History in Princeton University

*

Homines cum se in ciuitatem consociauerunt, quid adeo cogit ut aut inde contenti maneant aut factionibus dissensionibusque diuidantur? sunt qui moribus et legibus, sunt qui opere suo cuique distributo, sunt qui dignitate et auctoritate quae cuique sint gloriae rem publicam arbitrentur geri. ciuitatem ut perfectam sperabat fore primus delineauit Plato; ciuitates ut erant Aristoteles, qui descriptas conferre ut naturam perciperet uoluit. hic uir Aristotelis sequitur studium, cui studio iam nomen est sociologiae datum.

namque post spatium temporis in textorum officinis iuuenis actum, post stipendium in Norico meritum, doctum opus edidit de eorum societate quos origine obscuros uidebat esse: nam non equestris esse ordinis nec rursus inter capite censos, sed multos numero et quamuis libertino more occupatos sine patrono tamen. rem maximi momenti aperuerat, quam cum aliis minute inuestigatam tribus praeterea libris edidit, quorum in eo quem ipse conscripsit, cum paratus ad edendum esset, ducibus eorum quos uestigabat nuntiatur, ut fama est, uideri inesse praedictio, fore ut prae mercede accepta secedere iam nollent: ratio non facile re probatur.

sed ipsum iam magis alliciebat ipsa societas ciuilis quomodo diuisa se moribus distrahat: annos amplius XX librum illum perfectum de ordinum concordia discidioque componit. paulum haeret in singulis sed multum in uniuersis; duorum praecipue rationes quasdam irritas facit, Carolinas et Aemilianas, quas Thucydideo quodam impetu discerptas omnino dirumpit et diruit. austerum est opus sed idem graue, et exquisitum sociologiae ipsius exemplum.

praesento uobis Excellentissimi Ordinis Imperi Britannici Commendatorem, Magistrum in Artibus, Academiae Britannicae Sodalem, in Vniuersitate de Essex quondam Sociologiae Professorem et Procancellari functum uice, Collegi Sancti Iohannis Euangelistae olim Socium,

DAVID LOCKWOOD

When people come together in a community, what makes them abide in contentment or split apart in faction and disagreement? Some think that society works by custom and law, some by appropriate allocation of jobs and some by the glory that is granted to those with office and authority. The first to set out what he hoped would be the perfect community was Plato; Aristotle described communities as they were, hoping to understand their natures by making comparisons. Professor Lockwood is more aligned with the latter sort of study, and its name is now Sociology.

After spending time in his youth in the textile industry and after military service done in Austria, he produced for his doctorate a study called The Blackcoated Worker. These were people of no obvious social origin; they were not managers or manual workers in any sense then established, but typically busy at desks, numerous, and politically uncommitted. He had opened up a topic of great importance; further research, minutely conducted, was shared with others, and it was published in three volumes as The Affluent Worker. When the volume for which David Lockwood was responsible was in the press, an apparent prediction of his, so the story goes, that these workers were now unlikely to strike, was leaked to their union leaders: applied sociology has its perils!

He himself, however, had already become more interested in the whole problem of social disintegration; he spent over twenty years writing his definitive study, called Solidarity and Schism. It is sparing of exemplification and thick with theoretical analysis; it makes mincemeat of certain ideas of two men in particular, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim, whose thinking he examines and undoes with all the intensity of a Thucydides. It is an austere and utterly serious work, and a model of pure sociology.

I present to you

DAVID LOCKWOOD, C.B.E., M.A., F.B.A.

formerly Professor of Sociology and Pro-Vice-Chancellor inthe University of Essex, sometime Fellow of St John's College

*

Arion Corinthius, citharoedorum aetatis suae princeps, argento multo foris accepto dum domum naue redit a nautis pecuniae cupidis, ut fertur, in mare coactus est desilire. nauem olim conscendebat hic uir: nam postquam studia tibiae confecit (sed iam tibiam alius generis exercebat quod creauit Adolphus ille saxeus), munus accepit quo uectores tibicen oblectaret, sed ipse quotiens Nouum Eboracum esset aduentum eis auditor assiduus intererat qui omnium consensu Iazyge quodam genere musicae nullis secundi habebantur. ita auctis arte et scientia sua mox, symphonia septem musicorum coniuncta, tam bene ludebat ut septiens in ordine uir musicus anni nominaretur. ad symphoniam cantatricem quoque adiunxit, de qua plura posthac.

inde paulatim ad alia genera musicae conuersus cantus ipse componebat, ad nouas instrumentorum cohortis accommodabat, uersibus nouam dabat musicam; mox inuitatus musicam creabat quae fabulis per imagines in linteo agendas suppeditaret, quarum maxime innotuit illa cui nomen est Sabbatis uesperi mane proximo. ad alia praeterea adductus genera Caligas cum Fragis composuit, Gemmam cum Ansere. semper autem coniugi cantus uocis nimirum fautor constantissimus uarios parabat et pulchros.

tum consilium capit quo facultatem multis musicae cuiusuis generis ipsis gerendae daret: stabulis enim uillae renouatis Odeum aedificat suum aulasque diuersas quo ueniret qui uellet. hic, sicut liberis suis quibus aptissimum ingenium inest, ita aliis, praecipue iunioribus et tironibus, artem musicam scientiorum ope tradit. uirum habetis qui non modo musicissimus ipse sed musicorum auctor aliorum est.

praesento uobis uirum musicum, Excellentissimi Ordinis Imperi Britannici Commendatorem,

JOHN PHILIP WILLIAM DANKWORTH

Arion of Corinth, the best singer and guitarist of his generation, made a great deal of money on tour abroad but upon sailing home he was forced by the cupidity of the crew, the story says, to jump overboard. This man also went to sea: after finishing his clarinet studies at the Royal Academy, by which time he was already busy on the alto saxophone, he took a job entertaining the passengers on a transatlantic liner, but when the ship docked in New York he spent all his time ashore in earnest audience of the city's great players of jazz. His skill and his knowledge grew; back in England he gathered a band together, the Johnny Dankworth Seven, and soon he was playing so well that for seven years in a row he was named Musician of the Year. He also recruited a young singer - but more of her anon.

His range of musical activity gradually widened. He turned composer and arranger, and created new music for existing songs. He was invited to write film scores; probably the best known is the score for Saturday Night and Sunday Morning. He moved into opera, writing Boots with Strawberry Jam and The Diamond and the Goose. At all times he was the most constant admirer of his wife's voice, and for her he has written a variety of beautiful songs.

Then came the Wavendon Allmusic Plan, to offer the chance to many to make music of every sort. He converted disused stables at his own house into a concert hall with suites of other rooms, for all who wished to come. His own children already showed talent; now others, particularly younger would-be musicians, could develop their talents in expert company. This man is not only a maker of music himself but also a maker of music in others.

I present to you

JOHN PHILIP WILLIAM DANKWORTH, C.B.E., F.R.A.M.

Musician

*

Tria nomina si tibi natae data sunt, eaque omnia carminum nomina, quid facias? quin cantabis? etiam puella, patris exemplo firmata, cantabat haec femina. sed quali uoce cantat! unica est, nec si audiuisti, si cantanti adfuisti, facile ex aurium memoria labitur.

domicilium habebat iuuenis in summo tabulato situm; sursum deorsum erant LX amplius scalae ascendendae, descendendae: hinc facultas ei frequens, intra muros canendo gratissimos, uocis exercendae animaeque augendae. cottidie lentius, id quod scalis metiebatur, animam exspirare conabatur; ita latera sibi et altitudinem illam uocalem colebat. sed aliud est ars cantandi, aliud ingenium. magistra ei olim, Carissima, inquit, nos ut tu cantare non possumus, sed exercendo fortasse tu ut nos; aliquid diligentiae coniugis debet; sed quae cultu et usu assiduo se ipsa docuit optime in eo libro legatis expressa cui nomen est Tu cantare si uis potes. nonnulla ibi sunt oratori notanda.

Musas theatrales quoque coluit, sed prae ceteris interpretatrix est carminum, quae siue ipsius in usum siue in aliorum creata omnia arte uoce studio fecit sua. sed altius inquirere oportet. nam praeter ea quae Aristoxenus in ρυθμον et μελος diuidit,1 quae cantando modulatione canore sonis eduntur, syllabae cuique uerborum suum datur pondus, sua subtilis expressio, ut audiatur in primis quid dicere poeta uellet. bacchatur amore iuuenis, uentum inspirat hiemalem, alia uatis nostri carmina multo amore reddit; sed eheu, iam lusum est nobis.

praesento uobis cantatricem et histrionem arte singulari praeditam, Excellentissimi Ordinis Imperi Britannici Dominam Commendatricem, Clementina Dinah Campbell, uel potius

CLEO LAINE

1 See Quintilian 1.10.22.

If you receive at birth three names which each make the title of a song, what are you to do but sing? This lady has been singing since childhood; her father was her first example. And what a voice it is that she sings with: unique, and, if you have ever heard her or been to a concert of hers, unforgettable.

She lived in her youth in a flat at the top of the block. There were sixty or more steps to scale, ascending and descending, and the walls of the stairway had a most receptive acoustic; it was all very good for warming up the voice and increasing breath control. Every day, measuring her success by the steps, she would try to make her breath last longer, developing thereby not only her lungs but also that remarkable vocal range of four octaves. Technique is one thing, however, and talent another. A teacher once said to her, 'My dear, we couldn't sing like you; but you could probably sing like us, with training'. Her husband's attentiveness has counted for something, but you should read her book entitled You too can sing if you want to find an excellent account of what she has taught herself by constant, careful practice. There is advice there for an orator to heed.

She has acted as well as sung, but she is supremely an interpreter of songs; whether they were written for her to perform or for others first, she makes them her own by her skill, her devotion, and her voice. Analysis of her success must go further, however: more important than the essentially musical qualities of her vocalization is the attention she gives to the words, where each syllable has its own proper weighting and its own precise articulation, so that the meaning of the text is paramount. We may think of 'Mad about the boy,' or 'Blow, blow, thou winter wind,' and other of Shakespeare's poetry which she has delivered with passion. But alas, our revels now are ended.

I present to you

Dame CLEO LAINE

Vocalist and Actress


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Cambridge University Reporter 30 June 2004
Copyright © 2011 The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.