||Professor P. Levillain (Paris X), The Papacy in the twentieth century, between democracies and dictatorships.
||Dr D. M. Thompson (Cambridge), Pius IX and the temporal power.
||Professor J. Pollard (Anglia Polytechnic University), The Conclave of 1914.
||Professor Y.-M. Hilaire (Lille III), Pius XI and the nationalisms.
||Professor M. Agostino (Bordeaux III), The Italian and Spanish Churches and the fascisms.
||Dr E. Duffy (Cambridge), Writing Papal history.